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Information about Andorra

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Information about Andorra

Facts about Andorra

The (national) flag
Official name Catalan: Principat d'Andorra, French: Principauté d'Andorre, Spanish: Principado de Andorra.
Andorrans call it Valls d'Andorra.
In English: Principality of Andorra
Surface 468 km²
Inhabitants 85.660 inhabitants (2016)
Population density 183 people per km²
Capital Andorra la Vella
Currency Since 2002, Andorra has been using the euro as a means of payment. Andorra is not a member of the EU, but has made agreements and in 2014, its own euro coins were minted for the first time, which were put into circulation in early 2015.
Road network There is just one main road connecting France with Spain and a few other roads. The quality of them all is good.
Fuel prices For actual fuel prices in all European countries see Autotraveler.ru.
Code licence plate AND
Telephone countrycode 376
Internet countrycode .ad
Time difference GMT+1; the same time as in the Netherlands

Geographic data

Andorra is situated in the eastern Pyrenees, between the Spanish province Catalonia (departement Alt Urgell) and the French departement Ariège. The border with Spain is 64 km, the border with French is 57 km.
The landscape is mountainous and the lowest point of Andorra is 840 meters.
More information on Wikipedia.

PopulationNaar boven

After the Second World War, only 6,000 people lived in the small mountain republic, almost all descended from Catalan families. Today there are more than 85,000 inhabitants, many of whom are foreigners.
More information on Wikipedia.

LanguagesNaar boven

Catalan, a Roman language, is the only official national language in Andorra. Due to trading with France and Soain and the large number of foreigners, Spanish and French are also spoken and English is increasingly used in trade.

HistoryNaar boven

People lived in prehistoric times in the valleys of present-day Andorra, but the first time mention of habitation was made was in the 2nd century BC. by the Greek historian Polybius.
Exactly when Andorra became an independent state is unknown, although according to tradition it was Charlemagne who in 805 gave the Andorese a piece of land in exchange for their help in the fight against the Moors.
Due to its isolated location, Andorra has had little involvement with other countries, although nowadays it is closely linked to the EU, but without being a member of it.
More information on Wikipedia.

ClimateNaar boven

Andorra has a temperate climate with cold, damp winters with a lot of snow due to the altitude. The summers are usually dry but also cool (again due to the high location).
More information on Wikipedia.

Flora and faunaNaar boven

The plant cover in Andorra is rather diverse, mostly dominated by deciduous trees (oak, chestnut, beech) and conifers (spruce, pine, silver fir and various types of juniper). There are vast alpine and sub-alpine meadows high in the mountains. In total there are more than 1100 different plant species in Andorra.

There are countless mammals that live in the mountains and forests of Andorra, including bears, wolves, rabbits, and other small mammals. There is a limited amount of aquatic life: the small streams and rivers contain some fish, such as pike and trout, but the landlocked land has little else. The birds that spend time in Andorra are mainly adapted to the mountainous terrain and the most common birds are eagles, vultures and smaller wild birds such as ducks.

EconomyNaar boven

Andorra has always been economically focused on Spain. Under the Franco regime, the mountain state became a tax haven but also a smuggling country between France and Spain.
Today, tourism accounts for 80% of GDP. The banking sector, with its tax haven status, also contributes significantly to the economy and accounts for around 19% of GDP.

TourismNaar boven

Andorra is well-equipped to welcome tourists and around 70% of the more than 10 million visitors a year come for winter sports such as skiing.
In addition, people come for the beautiful nature and it is a paradise for bargain hunters of mainly duty-free drinks, perfumery and cigarettes.

The actual weather

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