Elisabeth & Teije's reis website

Information about Belgium

You are here: Home -> Europe -> Belgium - > Information Belgium

Information about Belgium

Facts about Belgium

The (national) flag
Official name Royaume de Belgique in het Frans en Koninkrijk België in het the Netherlandss. De verkorte vorm is België of Belgique.
Surface 30.528 km², of which 250 km² water (slightly smaller than the Netherlands)
Inhabitants 11.35 million (2016)
Population density 369 inhabitants per km²
Capital Brussel
Currency The euro since 2002. 1 € is about $1.17 (2017)
Road network 116,540 km. paved roads; but a lot of the smaller roads are in a bad shape with potholes
Fuel prices For actual fuel prices in all European countries see Autotraveler.ru.
Code licence plate B
Telephone countrycode 32
Internet countrycode .be
Time difference GMT+1; the same time as in the Netherlands

Geographic data

Geographically Belgium can be divided into three parts: Lower-Belgium (until 100 meters high), Middle-Belgium (between 100 and 200 meter height) and High-Belgium (from 200 meters until more than 500 meters high). Belgium borders in the west to the Northsea (coastline: 66 km), in the north to the Netherlands (450 km), in the east to Germany (167 km) and Luxembourg (148 km), and in the south to France (620 km).
More information at insidecountryinfo.com.

PopulationNaar boven

Nearly 61 % of the people in Belgium live in the Flanders region. The population density (340 persons per sq km) is one of the highest in Europe, but the largest concentrations are in and around Brussels, Antwerp, Liège, and Gent, as well as in the narrow industrial region between Mons and Charleroi. In recent decades the Limbourg city region has increased in population because of industrial development in that area. Almost 10.5 % of all Belgians live in Brussels, which is also home to a large number of foreign guest workers.

LanguagesNaar boven

The population of Belgium is separated into three linguistic communities. In the north the Flemings, who constitute more than half of Belgium's population, speak Dutch or Flemish. In the south and east the Walloons speak French. About 10% of the population is completely bilingual, but a majority has some knowledge of both French and Flemish. The German-language region in eastern Liège province, containing fewer than 1 % of the Belgians, consists of 9 communes around Eupen and Saint-Vith.
More information at ethnologue.com.com.

HistoryNaar boven

Belgium became independent from the Netherlands in 1830 and was occupied by Germany during World Wars I and II. It has prospered in the past half century as a modern, technologically advanced European state and member of NATO and the EU. Tensions between the Dutch-speaking Flemings of the north and the French-speaking Walloons of the south have led in recent years to constitutional amendments granting these regions formal recognition and autonomy.
We have decided not to write a detailed history anymore, since there is already a huge amount of information on this topic on the internet. Instead a few links with more information on the history of Belgium:
Geographia.com, history of Belgium, from the Celts up to 1995
Wikipedia.org, overview of the history of Belgium until 2003, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Royalty.nu, Belgium Royal History & News

ClimateNaar boven

Belgium is subjected to a temperate climate from the coastal regions inland to about Brussels. Towards the ardennes the climate becomes more continental, with colder winters and warm summers. The average temperature for the whole of Belgium is 11.2 degrees Celsius.
More information at southtravels.com.

Flora and faunaNaar boven

The flora of Belgium is made up of plants like hyacinth, strawberry, goldenrod, periwinkle, foxglove, wild arum, and lily of the valley. Forest trees include oak, beech, elm, and stands of pine that have been planted as part of reforestation programs. The fauna is made up of small animals, primarily fox, badger, pheasant, squirrel, weasel, marten, and hedgehog. The Ardennes highlands is home to deer and wild boar.
On his website more information about the fauna of Belgium and click here to learn more about the flora.

The actual weather

© Teije & Elisabeth 2000 - 2018 To the top of the page