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Information about Bulgaria

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Information about Bulgaria

Facts about Bulgaria

The (national) flag
Official name Officially: Република БЪлгария, or Republika Bălgariya
In English: Republic of Bulgaria
Surface Almost 111.000 square kilometer
Inhabitants 7 million
Population density 64 people per square kilometer
Capital Sofia
Currency Lev
Since the introduction of the euro, the exchange rate has been linked to the euro, namely: 1 euro = 1.95583 lev.
Divide the amount in leva bij 2 and you have more or less the amount in euro's.
Road network The quality of the roads is from bad to good. The highways, for which you need an electronic vignette, are well maintained but in Sofia we have been in suburbs where the roads where almost impassable.
Fuel prices For actual fuel prices in all European countries see Autotraveler.ru.
Code licence plate BG
Telephone countrycode 359
Internet countrycode .bg
Time difference GMT+2, so 1 hour later than in the Netherlands. Bulgaria has summer time.

Geographic data

Bulgaria is located in southeastern Europe and has 378 km of coastline on the Black Sea in the east. Furthermore, the country is bordered by Romania in the north (608 km), Serbia (318 km) and Northern Macedonia (148 km) in the west, by Greece (494 km) in the south and by European-Turkey (240 km) ) in the southeast.
The Balkan Mountains run through the middle of Bulgaria from west to east. There is a fertile plateau between the Balkans and the Danube. This flat area in the northeast of the country is called the Dobruja and continues in Romania. The Danube forms the largest part of the northern border.
The Rhodope Mountains lie in the south. In the west there are the Rila with the highest point of Bulgaria (and the Balkan peninsula), the mountain Moesala (2925 m), and in the southwest the Pirin with the highest mountain the Vichren (2920 m).
More information on Wikipedia

PopulationNaar boven

In 2017, Bulgaria had 7,101,510 million inhabitants. In 2017 the population growth was -0.61%. About 74% of the population lives in the cities, with Sofia (1.2 million inhabitants), Plovdiv (340,000) and Varna (334,000) as the largest. The rest of the population lives in the sparsely populated countryside.
The population consists mainly of Bulgarians (77%). The largest minority group is Turkish (8%) followed by the Roma (Gypsies; 4.4%). Furthermore, there are still small groups of Macedonians, Armenians, Romanians, Russians, Jews and Tatars in Bulgaria. The situation of the Turkish minority deteriorated in the course of the 1980s. In 1984 the Turks were forced to adopt a Slavic name. Large-scale intimidation techniques were started in 1988, as a result of which hundreds of thousands of Turkish Bulgarians left the country and fled to Turkey. The number of Roma is probably larger, but for fear of discrimination, many Roma hide their ethnic origin.
More information on Wikipedia

LanguagesNaar boven

Bulgarian is spoken by the vast majority of the population and is the official language of the country. Bulgarian is a South Slavic language spoken by the approximately 7.8 million inhabitants of Bulgaria and by minorities in Greek Thrace, the Romanian part of Dobruedsja and in Moldova.
Bulgarian belongs to the Slavic group of languages, but it has some grammatical peculiarities that distinguishes it from other Slavic languages. Other important languages are Turkish and Romani, which according to the 2011 census were spoken by 9.1% and 4.2% of the population respectively.
More information on Wikipedia

HistoryNaar boven

There are many websites on the internet with information about the history of Bulgaria, of which we will name a few:
Wikipedia and britannica

ClimateNaar boven

The typical Central European continental climate with warm summers and cold winters is strongly influenced in Bulgaria by the Black Sea and the Balkan Mountains. Northern Bulgaria has a distinct continental climate, with hot summers and harsh winters. To the south of the Balkan Mountains, which form a climate separation, there is a softer climate and more and more Mediterranean traits are appearing closer to Greece.
More information on Climatestotravel

Flora and faunaNaar boven

Both the flora and fauna of the country is very diverse. This is due to the fact that Bulgaria is, as it were, a transitional area between a continental climate and a Mediterranean climate. From north to south we find successively the Danube Plain, the Balkan Mountains (Stara Planina), the Middle Mountains (Sredna Gora) with between them the Rose Valley, and the Thracian Plain towards Turkey and the Rhodopi, the Rila and the Rila Pirin Mountains in the direction of Greece and Macedonia.

EconomyNaar boven

In the last three decades Bulgaria has undergone a major transformation from a highly centralized, planned economy to an open, market-based economy with a higher middle income.
More information on Wikipedia

TourismNaar boven

Bulgaria has been one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in Europe for several years. Especially the long sandy beaches of the Black Sea, the ski destinations in the mountains and the capital Sofia have a lot to offer. But Bulgaria also has a lot of natural beauty, museums and archaeological sites, beautiful villages in the countryside and cultural heritage, including medieval monasteries and churches.
More information on Wikipedia

The actual weather

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