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Information about Egypt

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Information about Egypt

Facts about Egypt

The (national) flag
Official name Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah, or the Arabic Republic Egypt
Surface 1.001.450 square kilometer (more than 24x the Netherlands), includingf de Sinai; only 66.000 km2 is habitable.
Inhabitants 94.7 million (2016)
Population density 95 people per km² when you consider the whole surface of the country. But 96% vof the country is desert. In the habited areas the avarage population density is far more than 2,000 per km²
Capital Cairo
Currency Pond (EGP), divided into 100 piaster. 1 pond is about € 0,05; 1 € = about EGP 22 (2017)
Road network Fairly good in the inhabitable regions
Fuel prices We couldn't find a good website where the prices of fuel in Egyptare kept up-to-date except this overview.
Code licence plate ET
Telephone countrycode 20
Internet countrycode .eg
Time difference GMT+2; 1 hour later than in the Netherlands

Geographic data

In the north Egypt borders to the Mediterranean Sea, in the west to Libia, in the south to Sudan. East of Egypt are the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba and to the northeast Egypt borders to Israel and the Gaza Strip. Remarkable is the very narrow inhabitable Nile Valley going from south to north, while more than 95% of the country consists of deserts. The main part of Egypt lies on the African continent but the Sinai belongs to Asia.
More information at nationmaster.com.

PopulationNaar boven

More than 90% of the population is of Eastern-Hamitic origin but has been totally arabised. The largest minority is formed by the Nubians (about 6 million people) who mainly live in southern Egypt. There are also some small groups of Berbers and Bedouin nomads. A few million Egyptians live and work in Kuwait, Iraq and Bahrain.
Almost 34% of the population is younger than 15. The average life expectancy for men is 67 years and 73 for women.
More information at nationmaster.com.

LanguagesNaar boven

Almost 98% of the population speaks Egyptian-Arabic, a dialect of the Modern Standard Arabic. It is also the most important Arabic spoken since Egypt produces most of the Arab films, tv-series and music. Almost everyone in the countries where Arabic is spoken can understand an Egyptian. There are some minorities which speak Nubian, Berber and Coptic.
Look at ethnologue.com for more information about the languages in Egypt.

HistoryNaar boven

Egypt is well known for its long recorded history and the many monuments that still can be seen. We have decided not to write a detailed history anymore, since there is already a huge amount of information on this topic on the internet. Instead a few links with more information about Egyptian history:

Ancient-Egypt.org, The history of ancient Egypt
Gateway, Gateway to ancient Egypt
Narmer.pl, Ancient Egyptian history & chronology
Swipnet.se, A short survey of Egyptian history
Nationmaster.com, History of Egypt

ClimateNaar boven

Egypt has a desert climate with hot, dry summers and moderate winters. Difference in temperature in the day and night can be quite big. The hot summer starts in May while in November the mild winter starts. Rainfall is very sporadically and only falls in the north.
More information at 1uptravel.com.

Flora and faunaNaar boven

The valley along the Nile is a highly cultivated landscape where date palms prevail. And of course the protected lotus and papyrus, sumbols of Egypt, grow near the Nile. The most common animals are the many fish species in the Nile and the Red Sea and there are many bird species. In the deserts still live some wild animals.
More information on the flora and fauna of Egypt can be found at this website.

The actual weather

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