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Information about Gambia


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Information about Gambia

Facts about Gambia

The (national) flag
Official name Republic of The Gambia
Surface 11.300 km², of which 1.300 km² water
Inhabitants 2 million (2016)
Population density 178 inhabitants per km², but most people live near the coast
Capital Banjul (42.000 inhabitants), but Serrekunda is the largest town (275.000 inhabitants)
Currency Dalasi (D), divided into 100 Butut. 100 Dalasi is about € 1,83; 1 € = about DAL 55 (2017)
Road network About 2,500 km of which only 1,000 km is paved. Some of these are in really bad shape! Driving on bad roads can damage your car or even lead to an accident. You don't have to be an automotive expert or a Title Max title loan rep to know that a bumpy ride can cause flat tires, shock absorption failure, or wheel alignment problems.
Fuel prices For actual fuel prices in The Gambia see Accessgambia.com.
Code licence plate WAG
Telephone countrycode 220
Internet countrycode .gm
Time difference GMT, 's zomers 2 hour earlier than in the Netherlands (geen zomertijd), 's winters 1 hour vroeger

Geographic data

The Gambia (officially: Republic of The Gambia) is situated on the most westerly point of Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean. The Gambia is the smallest country of the African continent with only 11,300 km². From east to west the distance is about 320 km., while from north to south the distance varies between 20 to 50 km. (near the coast). The Gambia is surrounded on three sides by Senegal.

PopulationNaar boven

In July 2004, The Gambia had 1.5 million inhabitants, of which almost 50% aged under 18 years. The population density is 137 per km², making The Gambia number four of most densely populated countries in Africa. Most Gambians live near the coast, where also the biggest towns (Serrekunda, almost 200,000 people, Banjul and Brikama with both more than 40,000 inhabitants) are located.
More information at Access Gambia Web Directory.

LanguagesNaar boven

English is the official language in The Gambia, but only those who went to school really speak it, since education is not obligatory. Most people speak the language of their tribe, like Mandinka, Woolof, Fulani, Dyda, Serer or Serahule.
Look at ethnologue.com for more information about the languages in The Gambia.

HistoryNaar boven

The Gambia is well known for its dark place in history as the leaving point for many Africans led into slavery.
We have decided not to write a detailed history anymore, since there is already a huge amount of information on this topic on the internet. Instead a few links with more information about Gambian history:

Access Gambia Web Directory, Gambian history from 470 BC to 2003
wikipedia.org, History of The Gambia, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
lonelyplanet.com, Short history of The Gambia

ClimateNaar boven

The Gambia has a subtropical climate, with two main seasons, the dry season from the middel of September to the end of May and the rain season from June to the middle of September. The humidity is much higher in the rain season and there many short, but fierce showers, mainly late in the afternoon or at night.
More information at Access Gambia Web Directory.

Flora and faunaNaar boven

Due to the subtropical climate, The Gambia has a very diverse vegetation, the mangrove forests being the most impressive since they can survive the salty waters of the river Gambia. Gambia has no big wildlife, except maybe for some hippo's in the eastern parts, but there are almost 450 birdspecies, making it an attractive destiny for birdwatchers. There are also several sorts of monkeys throughout the country.
More information on the flora and fauna of The Gambia can be found at fao.org and earthtrends.wri.org.

The actual weather


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