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Information about Italy

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Information about Italy

Facts about Italy

The (national) flag
Official name Republica Italiana, oftewel de Republiek Italië
Surface 301.230 km² (ruim 7x the Netherlands)
Inhabitants 62 million (2016)
Population density 206 people per km²
Capital Roma (Rome)
Currency The euro since 2002. 1 € is about $1.17 (2017)
Road network The road network in the north is very good, most highways are toll roads. But the further you go south the worse the roads get and the same is true for the interior of the country
Fuel prices For actual fuel prices in all European countries see Autotraveler.ru.
Code licence plate I
Telephone countrycode 39
Internet countrycode .it
Time difference GMT+1; the same time as in the Netherlands

Geographic data

In the northwest Italy borders to France (488 km), in the north to Switzerland (740 km) and Austria (430 km) and in the northeast to Slovenia (232 km). It also contains two other (very small) countries: Vatican City and San Marino. The distance between north to south is about 1200 kilometers. From east to west the distance is never more than 170 and never less than 54 kilometers (except in the north).
More information at insidecountries.com.

PopulationNaar boven

Italy has almost 57 million inhabitants. The areas around the big cities have the largest population density. About 18% of the population lives in one of the cities with 350,000 inhabitants or more.
More information at insidecountries.com.

LanguagesNaar boven

Italian is the official language but in the provence Bolzano (southern Tirol) a lot of people speak German (about 200,000 people), in some of the valleys of Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta people speak French (about 100,000 people); in the valleys of the Dolomites and the region Friuli-Venezia Giulia some speak Raetoroman. In the provence of Basilicata, southern Italy, a part of the population even speaks Albanese.
Look at eurolang.net to learn more about the languages and dialects spoken in Italy.

HistoryNaar boven

Since earliest times the history of Italy has been influenced by cultural and political divisions resulting from the peninsula's disparate geography and by circumstances that made Italy the scene of many of Europe's most important struggles for power. Most people will have learned a bit about the Roman empire at school.
We have decided not to write a detailed historypage anymore, since we would have to cite other sources that are often on the internet already. Instead a few links with more information about Italian history:

Italy1.com, the history of Italy
Arcaini.com, the history of Italy in chapters
Vlib.iue.it, the world wide web virtual library: Italian History Index
Scc.rutgers.edu, research database of links related to Italian culture and history
Abacci.com, Abacci Atlas: a short history of Italy

ClimateNaar boven

Italy has a predominantly Mediterranean climate; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south. In summertime the average temperatures in the lowlands are 28°C in the south and 22°C in the north. The winter is very cold in the Alps, cold and foggy in the Po Plain and the central Apennines; mild and even warm on the Ligurian coast, the Neapolitan coast and in Sicilia.
More information and temperature tables at italiantourism.com.

Flora and faunaNaar boven

In Alpine regions, fauna includes marmots, ibex and chamois, sometimes even brown bears, lynx, ermines and blue hares. Mountainous regions are abundant in vultures, buzzards, falcons and kites. Reptile species that are common in Italy comprise numerous lizards and snakes, even poisonous vipers, some areas show populations of scorpions. In the past, most of Italy was covered by trees, however, intense deforestation during centuries gone-by led to a significant reduction in woodland. (text copied from www.sos-childrensvillages.org)
More information about Italian national parks at allaboutitaly.com.

The actual weather

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