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Information about United Kingdom


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Information about United Kingdom

Facts about United Kingdom

The (national) flag
Official name Verenigd Koninkrijk van Groot Britannië en Noord Ierland, kortweg het Verenigd Koninkrijk. In het Engels is het officieel United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland en de korte vorm United Kingdom.
Noord-Ierland hoort dus wel bij het Verenigd Koninkrijk maar niet bij Groot-Brittanië
Surface 244.820 km², of which 3.230 km² water (6x as big as the Netherlands)
Inhabitants 60.8 million (2011)
Population density 251 people per km² but not evenly divided over the country. In England there are about 377 per km² but in Scotland only 65 people per km².
Capital London
Currency Pound; £ 1 = about € 1,08; € 1 is about £ 0,92 (2017). The value of the pound has been almost 50% higher in the past (2002).
Road network The road network is 392,931 km long, and is in good shape. In the north there are quite a few single track roads (with passing places).
Fuel prices For actual fuel prices in all European countries see Autotraveler.ru.
Code licence plate GB
Telephone countrycode 44
Internet countrycode .uk
Time difference GMT; 1 hour earlier than in the Netherlands

Geographic data

Great Britain is comprised of several areas: the formerly separate realms of England and Scotland, and the principality of Wales. Further Northern Ireland (also known as Ulster) and numerous smaller islands including the Isle of Wight, Anglesey, and the Scilly, Orkney, Shetland, and Hebridean archipelagos. No one in the UK lives more than 120 km from the sea. The UK is bordered by four seas: to the south by the English Channel, which separates it from continental Europe to the east by the North Sea to the west by the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean The only land border connecting the Uk to another country is between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
More information at insidecountryinfo.com.

PopulationNaar boven

In July 2005, more than 60 million people live in Great Britain, of which almost 80% in England (which comprises just over 50% of the surface). 9% lives in Scotland (with a third of the area), 3% in Northen Ireland and 5% in Wales. London is the biggest city where in some parts (for example Chelsea and Kensington) the population density is over 13,000 people per square kilometer.
More information at insidecountryinfo.com.

LanguagesNaar boven

English is the main language of Great Britain, but Welsh is also officially recognised in Wales and Gaelic in Scotland.
More information at ethnologue.com.com.

HistoryNaar boven

Great Britain once was one of the dominating player in the human history and still there are many remains left: from the abundantly number of prehistoric sites to well-preserved medieval towns and hundreds of castles and monuments from its time of glory. Great Britain as we know it today only exists since 1707 when England, Wales and Scotland were really united. In 1801 Ireland joined the union but in 1921 part of Ireland voted for independance and only Nortern Ireland stayed within the United Kingdom.
We have decided not to write a detailed history anymore, since there is already a huge amount of information on this topic on the internet. Instead a few links with more information the history of Great Britain:

Great-Britain.co.uk, history pages, from 4.000 BC to 2000 AD.
Britannia.com, nmerous articles about the history of Great Britain
Wikipedia, overview of the history, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Royal.gov.uk, history of the British royal family

ClimateNaar boven

Being an island Great Britain obviously has a sea climate. Great Britain has quite cool summers and mild winters. The weather changes from day to day. The climate is temperate ­ the country does not have long periods when it is hot or cold. Western parts of Britain receive more rain and snow during the year than south and east. This is because southwesterly winds bring water from the Atlantic Ocean to the west, which falls as rain where it meets the mountains on land. There are large amounts of water in this area and a shortage in the south and the east.

Flora and faunaNaar boven

Not much is left of the forests that once covered Great Britain. But good care has improved the situation a lot over the past 100 years. There are not many species of animals (especially mammals). There are plenty of regions with a protected status, from national park to special nature reservate. On wikipedia.org you will find more details about the flora and fauna in Great Britain.

The actual weather


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